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viernes, 19 de diciembre de 2014

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year 2015!


Old year 2014 is coming to an end and we all started to sum up achievements and defeats that happened in the previous years trying to enforce successes and avoid mistakes in upcoming ones. Interra team wishes you all the best for 2015. Let your decisions be always the good ones and your strategies applied for next months, successful.

Enjoy the moments with your friends and family, letting yourselves to forget about your professional life for a moment, before you jump back to it at the beginning of 2015! Merry Christmas!




martes, 2 de diciembre de 2014

Finalizada la herramienta de valorización sostenible de la actividad agropecuaria para Barrick

Interra ha finalizado para la empresa Minera Barrick Misquichilca (MBM) el desarrollo del estudio de la “Metodología de Valoración Económica de la Producción Agropecuaria en las localidades de Atupa y Antahurán”. La actuación se engloba dentro de la política de compromiso, adquirida  por Barrick  con las comunidades locales, para impulsar la sostenibilidad productiva ambiental de los comités de riego locales.

Agricultores locales.

El campo de la valoración de una unidad productiva agropecuaria está gobernado por múltiples factores que son el fundamento del valor de la propiedad y sus favores, que  a su vez están relacionados con el potencial de desarrollo y la productividad, siendo uno de los factores más importantes el recurso hídrico (su factibilidad y disponibilidad de uso).

En el trabajo se distinguieron dos fases o tareas principales:

1.    Trabajo de campo. En la que información, tras ser recopilada,  fue sistematizada para permitir la realización del cálculo de una valoración adecuada, marcada principalmente por el potencial agronómico predial, las características edafoclimáticas de la zona, los cultivos implantados, los sistemas de producción tradicionales y la disponibilidad de agua.
Cultivo de la papa


2.    Desarrollo de una herramienta de valoración agropecuaria basada en la productividad y la generación de rentas con base a la disponibilidad del agua, todo ello desde la perspectiva de la valoración por métodos de capitalización y la determinación del diferencial de producción sujeto a la variación del recurso hídrico. Para conseguir esto se ha recurrió al uso de métodos de valoración directos e indirectos determinados por precios de mercado y cambio de productividad.

Herramienta de valorización



El desarrollo de este trabajo se ha hecho a través de la agrupación de empresas Geoscala, donde Interra es la empresa especializada en Minería Responsable.

lunes, 10 de noviembre de 2014

Noosa Biosphere Reserve to host international Biosphere Reserve meeting (from 15-18 November 2014.)

Noosa Biosphere Reserve will be the host site for a meeting of Island and Coastal Biosphere Reserve representatives from 15-18 November 2014.
A number of the UNESCO Man and Biosphere program Directors from Paris and managers of Biosphere Reserves from around Australia and New Zealand will be attending.



The meeting was initially flagged with UNESCO in July last year.  Noosa Biosphere Reserve was promoted as a focus site for Australia / Pacific Biosphere Reserve activities and an opportunity to learn more about the range of initiatives being undertaken by other Biosphere Reserves in our region.
Noosa Mayor Noel Playford said the event was a great opportunity to host people from other biospheres who will be sharing their experiences while enjoying some time in Noosa.

http://www.biospheresmart.org/#

Raul Weychardt, Chair of Noosa Biosphere Limited, said approximately 24 participants are expected to attend the meeting, which has been made possible due to a co-funding arrangement by Noosa Biosphere Limited, Noosa Council and UNESCO.
“It is an important opportunity to showcase Noosa to a diverse group of people all having interests in progressing Biosphere Reserve objectives,” Mr Weychardt said.

The conference will be held at Outrigger Little Hastings Street Resort and Spa (a partner of the Noosa Biosphere Reserve program), and will include meaningful discussion around each participating Biosphere Reserve’s experiences, and a field trip throughout Noosa, taking in hinterland and coastal areas.

viernes, 31 de octubre de 2014

This Is How Your Plastic Bag Ends Up In Massive Ocean Garbage Patches

Ever heard of the Pacific garbage patch? It's one of several swirling trash zones in our oceans, and it's where a lot of our plastic litter ends up. While these debris patches aren't visible piles of floating trash in the water, the reality of what they are and how they got there is just as gross -- and just as harmful to marine life




viernes, 17 de octubre de 2014

Sewell, an abandonend mining in The Andes, it is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Located on the slopes of the Andes in the commune of Machalí in Chile, at an altitude of 2,000 metres, lies the abandoned mining town of Sewell built by the Braden Copper company in 1905 to house workers of the world’s largest underground copper mine, El Teniente. It was the first copper company town in Chile, the largest producer of this metal in the world, and an outstanding example of the global phenomenon where company towns were established in remote parts of the world to extract and process natural resources. Sewell Mining Town is particularly notable for its contribution to the global spread of large-scale mining technology.
The town was built on the slope of the Andes with no flat roads, just a giant central staircase rising from the railway station. Along its route formal squares of irregular shape with ornamental trees and plants constituted the main public spaces or squares of the town. The buildings lining the streets are made of timber, often painted in vivid green, yellow, red and blue.



At its inception, Swell was nothing more than a small camp in the area closest to the mine with a hydroelectric plant, and lifts to transport copper and iron. From 1915, when the town was named Sewell in honor of Barton Sewell, partner of Braden, that it began to grow in infrastructure and architecture, taking on the characteristics of a city. This was further strengthened with the construction of a railroad that linked the mine to Rancagua, just in time to meet the increased demand for copper because of the First World War.


Soon, more than a hundred multi-coloured buildings arose that housed the miners. Hospitals, church, technical schools, social clubs, theatres, a bowling alley and a heated pool also went up. At its peak, Swell had 15,000 inhabitants. The narrow-gauge railroad brought all necessary supplies to the town, while the ore went out in huge buckets over a tramway system that snaked down the hill to the smelter in Caletones.

By the end of the 1960s, the copper industry was nationalized and became the property of the State. At this time, most people were moved out of the town to Rancagua in order to provide better facilities. The town was abandoned as a mining settlement in 1980, remaining in partial use as a dormitory for contractors' personnel, and this led to the modification of some of the buildings and further demolition of others. Demolition was finally halted at the end of the 1980s and in 1998 the town was declared a national monument. In 2006, it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The mine however still functions and El Teniente now produces 3% of the worlds' copper.

miércoles, 24 de septiembre de 2014

Renewable Energy Revolution Has Arrived For Small Island States

While many have traditionally associated us island states as inevitable victims of the warming planet, the opposite is true.
We are leading the rush to the greatest global energy transformation the world has seen since the industrial revolution.
Lying out in the middle of our vast oceans, this might not seem a natural choice for our islands.  But after years of subjecting our fragile economies and communities to the high cost of imported fossil fuels, we are moving to a new energy paradigm.
In 2008, a global oil price spike forced the Marshall Islands Government to declare a national economic emergency, with the nation no longer able to pay for the imported diesel used to generate up to 90% of the country’s power.

After the energy policy review that followed, the Marshall Islands chose a different path.  More than 95% of its vast outer island communities – spread out over a million square kilometers of the Pacific Ocean – now power their livelihoods by the energy of the sun.

El Hierro (Spain)


Pushing ahead

Through initiatives like the Majuro Declaration for Climate Leadership and the CARICOM Regional Energy Policy, we have set ourselves some of the world’s most ambitious targets for renewable energy and energy efficiency, throwing down the gauntlet for the big emitters to follow our lead.

lunes, 22 de septiembre de 2014

El CSIC convierte los neumáticos viejos en combustible y energía eléctrica sin residuos ni emisiones


Un método de reciclaje de neumáticos desarrollado por el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) y la empresa Enreco 2000 ha sido seleccionado por el Foro Económico de Astaná como una de las mejores tecnologías de la Unión Europea susceptibles de aplicación industrial. Este proyecto estará presente en el VIII Congreso de Innovación que alberga este foro internacional y que se celebra durante esta semana en la capital de Kazajistán.

 “El método de reciclaje desarrollado consiste en someter a los neumáticos fuera de uso a un proceso térmico para convertirlo en combustibles y gases capaces de generar energía eléctrica. A través de dos etapas consecutivas, destilación y gasificación, se consigue el total aprovechamiento energético de los neumáticos”, explica el investigador del CSIC Félix López, del Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalúrgicas, responsable del proyecto.
De la primera fase, la destilación, resulta un aceite que se obtiene mediante  condensación a baja temperatura de la fracción volátil, que posteriormente se transforma en gasolina y diésel. Después, en la segunda etapa, los gases que no hayan sido condensados se transforman en energía eléctrica, mientras que el residuo sólido, denominado char, se transforma en gas combustible mediante un proceso de gasificación.

Problema medioambiental

En España se producen cada año unas 240.000 toneladas de neumáticos al año. Las dificultades que presenta el reciclado, reutilización y eliminación de esa cantidad de neumáticos una vez están fuera de uso suponen un grave problema medioambiental debido a la toxicidad de las emisiones por combustión o incineración.
Según López, la tecnología desarrollada es totalmente innovadora, tanto en los aspectos conceptuales del proceso como en los de ingeniería y diseño. “La principal ventaja es que no genera residuos ni emisiones, y transforma el neumático en combustibles y energía eléctrica. Por lo tanto, contribuye a la disminución de las emisiones de CO2”, añade el investigador.

jueves, 19 de junio de 2014

Thirteen new Unesco Biosphere Reserves

Thirteen new sites have been added to the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, which now includes 631 sites in 119 countries, 14 of which are transboundary sites.  The new reserves were designated by the International Coordinating Council of the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme, at its meeting in Jönkoping (Sweden) and in the East Vättern Landscape biosphere reserve, from 10 to 13 June.


© UNESCO/Victoria Kovshar, Turtle Emys orbicularis - Ak-Zhayink (Kazakhstan)


These are the new sites and, on the other hand, the extensions of

  • Ohrid-PrespaTransboundary Reserve (Republic of Albania/f Republic of Macedonia)
  • Valdes Biosphere Reserve (Argentina)
  • Crocker Range (Malaysia)
  • Bioma Pampa-Quebradas del Norte (Uruguay)
  • Laguna Oca del Río Paraguay Biosphere Reserve (Argentina) Extension
  • Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve (Japan) Extension

© UNESCO/Tadami, Tadami (Japon)
© UNESCO/Rich Howorth, Brighton & Hove and Lewes Downs (United Kingdom)


martes, 10 de junio de 2014

Biosphere reserves in a nutshell

What are UNESCO biosphere reserves? How do they work? How does the balance between the interests of environmental protection and social and economic development work? This 3-minutes video prepared by the German Commission for UNESCO jointly with German biosphere reserves, explains you these and other related issues about biosphere reserves.





jueves, 5 de junio de 2014

Sustainability in Tenerife: Using Geomatics to Promote Biospheres

One of the island of Tenerife’s leading geomatics experts has spoken at a sustainability conference that took place at the RAC Club at Pall Mall on Friday May 2 2014.

The event, which was hosted by scientific field trip organisersGeoTenerife, contained talks by a number of leading scientists and government officials from the island.

Dr Javier Pérez Marrero, of the Sustainability Observatory for the Biosphere of El Hierro, delivered a fascinating talk on the work done by Interra to promote sustainability in biospheres.

This geomatic tool digests lots of data into an accessible format



In his talk, he explained that Biosphere Smart was an ICT tool to help achieve a sustainable future through territorial intelligence. It is used by UNESCO to share ideas and knowledge amongst biosphere reserves, including the island of El Hierro. Adopted by UNESCO's Man and Biosphere International Coordination Council, it is devoted to helping biospheres accomplish their mandate. 

"ICT can provide a lot of relevant data but this must be translated into useful information," he said. "If people are taking important decisions about their environment and energy policies, they need qualified information."

Biosphere Smart was also developed as a key tool to support governments ensure future investments fall within required parameters. "When a territory is awarded a Biosphere Reserve title, it is committed to accomplishing several mandates," said Marrero.

According to Sharon Backhouse, Director of GeoTenerife, this tool will be helpful on a number of levels. "Firstly, it allows us all to look at complex information in a user-friendly way. Want to know where the best spot is to put a wind farm in Tenerife? This geomatic tool digests lots of data into an accessible format to do just that. But it is a lot more than that. 

“We all know how unsustainable unchecked development was in the past. You only have to look at some of the bloated tourist developments by the coast in some towns in the Canary Islands to see evidence of that. Thankfully, we are entering a new era, one where there is more respect shown for the delicate ecosystems on these beautiful islands. There is no reason why development, investment and the environment cannot be respectful of each other. Biosphere Smart is a tool that will allow governments, planners, investors - any one of us, in fact, to make smarter, greener choices."

Dr Pérez Marrero delivered his talk to a room filled with representatives from dozens of UK-based renewable energy companies, along with delegates from African embassies and educationalists.



Also present at the conference was the Cabildo de Tenerife, which was represented on the day by Miguel Diaz Llanos (Councillor responsible for Energy) and Eduardo Pintado Mascareno (Councillor responsible for Commerce)
.

http://www.biospheresmart.org/

viernes, 30 de mayo de 2014

ECOSmart, the solution for the sustainable tourism destinations

Sustainable tourism is the concept of visiting a place as a tourist and trying to make only a positive impact on the environment, society and economy. A key aspect is respect for the people who call the location home, the culture and customs of the area, and the socio-economic system.
Dashboard concept to can see all information at a glance.


Within this context, the ECOSmart solution aims to take an innovative approach in the perception of sustainable tourist destinations. So far tourist options in protected areas are based on segmented offer and therefore fragmented information systems: ecotourism, nature tourism, active travel, hiking, etc. But what would happens if users can preview the entire universe of resources, attractions, and activities to define their own unique experience and establish their commitment with the destination?

Useful information for water and other active sports.


The ECOSmart platform offers a new possibility: to support responsible and sustainable tourism based on knowledge, thanks to the new possibilities of ICT. ECOSmart proposes a new paradigm which is to promote smart tourism, involving all stakeholders within the destination, including tourists themselves.


viernes, 23 de mayo de 2014

Fuentes para el seguimiento del cambio climático

El cambio climático es un fenómeno del que ya estamos acostumbrados a oír hablar. Inevitable es encontrarse con dos grandes posturas, los que creen en las evidencias observacionales y las justificaciones científicas que las apoyan, y los que consideran que estos hechos no son suficientes para hablar de un cambio climático ante el cual tomar medidas.





En este artículo vamos a mostrar diferentes centros de investigación internacionales que recopilan y analizan datos relacionados con el cambio climático. De este modo, cualquiera con interés puede tener acceso a la información científica disponible en sus sitios web y sacar las conclusiones que considere oportunas.

Es un prestigioso centro británico del clima, asociado a la UEA. Aquí podemos encontrar información sobre series temporales de temperatura, precipitación y clima por zonas. Este centro es uno de los muchos que trabaja para proporcionar los datos en los ‘Assessment Reports’ del conocido IPCC. Como ejemplo, veamos este diagrama de CRU de las anomalías de temperatura del aire del último siglo y medio, donde se observa una clara tendencia creciente, que nos dice que el planeta se está calentando.
  
Organización del gobierno de los Estados Unidos. Nos brinda datos sobre temperatura del aire y del mar, precipitación como el CRU, índice de sequía y más variables de tipo climático. Sus valores y sus variaciones en los últimos años dan pie a pensar en que el cambio climático es una reaildad.

Es un consorcio de más de 100 universidades que trabajan en la investigación sobre el cambio climático. Cuentan con un amplio rango de modelos y datos sobre el clima y sobre la evolución de las condiciones del ambiente. Podemos encontrar información acerca de la variación de la composición atmosférica, nivel del mar, datos climáticos conciliados con los de los organismos antes mencionados.  Aquí podemos ver un gráfico extraído de datos científicos procesados por UCAR, de cómo ha ido disminuyendo la superficie congelada de la Tierra en los últimos 35 años:

La principal causa humana del cambio climático es la emisión de gases de efecto invernadero. En este espacio podemos encontrar datos acerca de esta situación. CIESIN es un centro asociado también al panel IPCC. Entre los datos que ofrece destaca la información acerca del uso de la energía por países, procedencia de la misma y emisiones de los citados gases de efecto invernadero (GEI). Esta parte es muy importante, ya que para poder controlar el cambio climático, uno de los puntos de partida sería legislar en los países para reducir estas emisiones e intentar llevar la producción energética a una versión más 

Siguiendo en la tesitura de lo anterior, el instituto internacional WRI, con su explorador llamado CAIT permite obtener también datos contrastables acerca de emisiones de GEI. Por ejemplo, aquí vemos un gráfico de las emisiones de GEI (GHG en inglés, Greenhouse Gas) de distintos países alrededor del globo.

Estos sitios que aquí hemos mostrado y muchos más son un comienzo para descubrir y entender la importancia del cambio climático y para plantearse si es conveniente  o no la toma de medidas a nivel internacional.

viernes, 11 de abril de 2014

Is your biosphere reserve using or considering to use renewable energy? Share your experience with us!

The United Nations launched yesterday the Decade of Sustainable Energy for All (2014-2024) to promote sustainable energy for all.  Is your biosphere reserve using or considering to use renewable energy? Share your experience with us!




Check the Renforus Initiative on Renewable Energy Futures for UNESCO Sites http://www.renforus.net/

viernes, 4 de abril de 2014

Presentación Ecotourism en Seminario “Club Ecoturismo en España”

Del 1 al 3 de abril se celebró en el CENEAM de Valsain (Segovia) esta jornada que tenía como principales objetivos trabajar con el sector del ecoturismo y con las CC.AA. la armonización de requisitos de los clubes de turismo de naturaleza para favorecer su integración en un producto común configurado por la diversidad de productos, modalidades y marcas existentes.
En este sentido, el 1 de abril, se presentará la herramienta Ecotourism Smart Destinations, Desarrollada por Interra combina un espacio informativo y colaborativo para los socios de la AEI de TUREBE e importantes herramientas para la toma de decisiones en materia de destinos sostenible inteligentes.
Momento de las presentaciones


Una de las herramientas que más interés suscitó entre los asistentes es el visor de indicadores para destino, que permite medir el cumplimento en mayor o menos medida de su plan de acción, y de de cada una de las actuaciones en el planteadas

Visor indicadores de destino


Pueden acceder a la herramienta en  http://turebe.org/portal/


viernes, 28 de marzo de 2014

My Biosphere Reserve becomes Smart

Biosphere Smart can provide local platforms for each biosphere reserve, known as “BR Digital” that promotes a community-based vision for each biosphere reserve. Several biosphere reserves have already successfully opened this new interactive window.

Through BR Digital citizens become empowered to provide, act on and benefit from biosphere reserve related information and experiences.


As an eLearning platform, Biosphere Smart enables citizens living within Biosphere Reserves to collect environmental, cultural and social data using computers or mobile devices. With the assistance of the BR Digital, citizens can observe the important green economy and sustainable development components of a biosphere reserve by going on a virtual walk to observe and document the existing biodiversity trends, cultural assets, community services, transportation systems, waste management systems, tourist facilities, water management or energy use in their own communities etc

Do you want to learn more about what a Smart Biosphere Reserve is?  Check our new brouchure.



jueves, 13 de marzo de 2014

WorkShop Geotourism and Geoparks

On Friday February 28 Interra participated in the workshop "Geotourism and Geoparks". Organized by the Universidad del Valle de Guatemela, its objective was to review the concept of Geotourism, Geoparks their relationship with and the benefits in terms of sustainability and economic development. The workshop presented Interra's tools for management, decision-making and promotion of protected natural areas, in this case, Geoparks.

Here you could see the video that we used in that meeting. In it you could Biosphere Smart and the development of BRSmart for El Hierro Biosphere Reserve. 


martes, 14 de enero de 2014

El Teide y las cumbres de Tenerife obtienen la certificación 'Starlight'

El Parque Nacional del Teide y las cumbres de Tenerife han recibido este viernes la certificación 'Starlight', en el primer caso en la categoría de Destino Turístico y en el segundo en el de Reserva, que les ha sido otorgada por el Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) a través de la Fundación Canaria para la Difusión de la Astronomía.
El Teide, fuente: el dia

La iniciativa 'Starlight' fue creada en 2009 y cuenta con el apadrinamiento de organizaciones internacionales como la Unesco, la Organización Mundial del Turismo (OMT) o la Unión Astronómica Internacional (IAU).

El Teide se convierte con esta certificación en el primer Patrimonio de la Humanidad designado como 'Destino Starlight' que cumple con los requisitos y procedimientos establecidos para la protección del cielo y sus valores naturales y culturales asociados. Se une así al municipio de Granadilla de Abona, que también posee la certificación.
Esto abarca una zona núcleo que incluye el Parque Nacional del Teide, el ámbito del Observatorio de Izaña y sus instalaciones científicas, así como la zona del Portillo.

Dentro de BiosphereSmart puedes encontrar una completa información sobre la iniciativa Starlight y en breve serán añadidas capas georeferencias relativas a Statlight. http://www.biospheresmart.org/

Iniciativa Starlight en http://www.biospheresmart.org/



viernes, 3 de enero de 2014

Biosphere Reserves in Korea as living laboratories

Man and the Biosphere reserves are UNESCO-designated “living laboratories” numbering 621 in 117 countries and are intended to cultivate research, conservation and public understanding of unique ecological sites. In 2002, Mt. Halla, the Yeongcheon and Hyodon-cheon valleys, and the Beomseom, Munseom and Seopseom islets were incorporated into Jeju’s biosphere reserve and there are four other such sites nationwide.
MAB designation is dependent on a diverse, mosaic composition of eco-systems. Given this fact and the Korean peninsula’s sloping geology, it is perhaps unsurprising that - in addition to Jeju - three of the four sites lie among the more mixed ecosystems of the lower, wetter, west, rather than the simply high and mountainous east.
The program has brought the five sites, and South Korea generally, considerable international attention. Reserve status however, is politically ambiguous: whether it represents true conservation, or merely embellishes “green” cre-dentials, is dependent on national governments as there is merely a review process, rather than binding inter-national law.
Despite this note of caution, MAB has arguably raised the profile of threatened ecosystems and encouraged - if not ensured - their preservation.
These are the principal Biosphere Reserves of Korea

Mt. Sorak, Gangwon Province

 MAB National Committee of the Republic of Korea
Gochang County, North Jeolla Province
 MAB National Committee of the Republic of Korea
Shinan Dadohae, South Jeolla Province

MAB National Committee of the Republic of Korea
Gwangneung Forest, Gyeonggi Province
MAB National Committee of the Republic of Korea